When exposed to excessively high temperatures, the lubricating oils in turbines undergo extreme oxidation and thermal degradation processes that eventually result in the formation of solid deposits that can, in turn, cause operational problems. This work describes the testing and characterization process of a newly constructed test rig that studies the propensity of lubricants to form such deposits. In the test rig, the lubricant flows through a heated tube, thermally degrades or oxidizes, and forms solid deposits that adhere to the heated surface. An oil flow rate calibration curve as a function of pump speed was developed using two oils, Castrol GTX 20W-50 and Mobil DTE 732. The steady-state axial temperature distribution along the heated tube was measured for temperature settings of up to 475 °C and flow rates of 10.4, 12.2, and 13.9 mL/min using Mobil DTE 732. The results showed that the surface temperature is not uniform, but that it varies axially as is expected from the heat transfer in the thermal entrance region of a pipe with laminar flow. Examples of the results of tests performed with the apparatus using Mobil DTE 732 and Castrol GTX 20W-50 flowing at 10.4 mL/min with surface temperatures between 328 and 489 °C are presented. Based on these tests, it is clear that the induction time for solid-deposit formation can be unambiguously determined using the experimental apparatus. The induction times of the sample tests described were found to be 638 ± 10 min and 86 ± 10 min for Mobil DTE 732 and Castrol GTX 20W-50, respectively.